Today’s lesson is all about personality traits. Personality is what someone acts like. If someone has a “good personality” they are pleasant to be around. Maybe the make jokes, are kind, and helpful. On the contrary if someone has a “bad personality” they are not fun to be around, they may be mean, rude or hurtful.
If you want to speak English fluently you need to learn more words than just good, and bad to describe someone’s personality. Here are 16 advanced words to describe someone’s personality. Which trait matches you? Are you happy-go-lucky? or are you a Debbie downer? Let me know on instagram and facebook.
If you are happy-go-lucky it means that you are very cheerful and happy.
If you are happy-go-lucky you don’t tend to worry about potential problems, and think that things will work out for the best.
Happy-go-lucky people are fun to be around because they have little stress, but they may deny actual problems or conflict.
If you are a perfectionist you are a person who wants everything in your life to be perfect, or done with no error.
Perfectionists often achieve all A’s as grades in school, or strive to get 100% on their tests.
Someone who is a perfectionist will be very upset or stressed if their house is mess, or disorganized.
Perfectionism (the name of the trait) can be an advantage in life, or it can be a disadvantage, for instance it may take you much longer to complete simple tasks since you need them to be perfect.
Someone who is enthusiastic is excited about many things. An enthusiastic person will be excited to do their work everyday.
If you are enthusiastic about learning, you will happily read books, and go to school everyday with a smile on your face. Being enthusiastic is a good trait to have, people enjoy when others are enthusiastic in life.
The opposite of enthusiastic is unenthusiastic. If you are enthusiastic you are often also optimistic, which is our next word.
A common way to describe optimism or being optimistic is someone who is optimistic sees the glass half full, instead of half empty. If you are an optimist you chose to see the positive aspects in life.
For instance an optimistic person would not be sad on a rainy day, because they know the rain will help beautiful flowers grow.
The opposite of an optimistic person is a pessimistic person.
A pessimist, or a pessimistic person is a person who sees mainly the negative aspects in life.
Unlike an optimistic person, a pessimistic person will see the glass “half empty”.
6. Debbie Downer
A funny name for someone who is always pessimistic, or negative is Debbi downer. It is not very kind to call someone a Debbi downer.
Debbi is a first name and a downer, is something or someone who brings the mood down, or points out the negative things going on. You may say, “quit being such a Debbi downer”.
Don’t be friends with Debbi downers, they’ll ruin the mood.
Being loyal, or loyalty is a very important personality trait. If you are loyal you do not give up your support for someone or something easily. For instance you could be a loyal friend meaning you would never talk badly about someone you are friends with.
You can be loyal to a political party or a cause, like you are a loyal supporter of the president, meaning that it would be very hard to convince you that you shouldn’t support him or her.
The opposite of loyal is disloyal.
Someone who is an overachiever will always do more than they need to do. For instance an overachiever may not only pass a test but they will get 100% or more than 100% on the test.
Overachievers will put great effort into the task they are given and will do more than what is expected.
The opposite of overachiever is underachiever.
If you are skeptical you never believe something without evidence or persuasion. For instance if you told a skeptical person that they should eat something because it’s good for them, they would ask lots of questions and do research about the food before they too eat it.
Skeptical people may question why you do something nice for them. They may think you are being nice to get something from them, or have some other motive. Even if you are just being nice.
Being skeptical is not a bad thing, and is sometimes an important quality.
The opposite of skeptical is gullible. If you believe things easily without questioning them you are gullible.
For instance if you tell a person that gullible is written on the ceiling, they will look up, because they are gullible and they will believe anything.
It would be slightly insulting to call someone gullible.
If you are observant you will notice small details or changes easily. If you are observant you will often notice when someone is wearing different shoes or just got a haircut.
The opposite of observant is unobservant.
Someone who is judgemental is quick to make up their mind about something or someone.
If someone is judgemental they will make a decision quickly about somebody or something based on a small piece of information, without seeing the whole picture.
For instance if you see a child crying and you are judgemental you may assume their parents don’t care about them, but you don’t actually know that.
The opposite of judgemental is non judgemental.
If you are personable you are very friendly and approachable. A personable person will have an easy time making friends and relating to people.
If you are pragmatic you are only concerned with facts, and base your actions on true experience. A pragmatic person does what is practical, or what is most useful in the situation.
The opposite of pragmatic is unrealistic, or impractical, meaning that you believe in things that won’t ever happen or you concern yourself with theories rather than facts.
If you are inquisitive you ask many questions and be curious. An inquisitive person may ask their teacher lots of questions during a lecture.
Someone who asks “why?” is an inquisitive person.
The opposite of inquisitive is disinterested or indifferent.
An altruistic person cares so much about the other people around them that they don’t care about themself. An altruistic person is selfless, or unconcerned with themselves.
If you’re altruistic you would give your last dollar to someone so that they could eat even if it means you would go hungry.